How did human trafficking in Thailand come about?

What caused human trafficking in Thailand?

Southeast Asia has long been recognised as a significant source region for trafficking of children for sexual purposes. There are many reasons for this; high levels of regional migration, illegal migration, economic imbalances and local demand for the sexual services of children—to name a few.

How did the human rights issue of human trafficking in Thailand come about?

From the mid-1300s to the mid-1700s prostitution was legal and taxed by the Thai government. The late 1700s to the 1850s witnessed an influx in the number of Chinese labor workers and sex workers coming to Thailand. … The Act addresses child sex trafficking as well.

How did human trafficking get started?

The cause of human trafficking stems from adverse circumstances in origin countries, including religious persecution, political dissension, lack of employment opportunities, poverty, wars, and natural disasters.

Why is human trafficking so bad in Thailand?

Thailand’s geographical location makes it particularly vulnerable to traffickers – Land routes from neighboring countries into Thailand are not very well secured and corruption is prevalent. This makes it much easier for human traffickers to smuggle people into the country.

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Are there slaves in Thailand?

Slavery was explicitly criminalized by the 1908 penal code, section 269, which prohibited the sale and acquisition of slaves (but exempting those that were legal under the 1905 Act). … Slavery, finally, legally ceased in 1915.

How do human traffickers transport their victims?

Traffickers use trains, buses, planes, and ships to transport victims, hiding them in plain sight. Transportation industry employees are uniquely positioned as the eyes and ears on the highways, public transportation systems, and in the air.

Who is most at risk for human trafficking?

According to Enrile, anyone can fall victim to human trafficking. However, vulnerable populations who have little social and legal protection are the most at risk. The majority of victims are women—70 percent—and risk for women may be heightened further in areas where extreme gender discrimination prevails.

What country has the most human trafficking 2020?

The 10 Worst Countries for Human Trafficking

  • China. …
  • Eritrea. …
  • Iran. …
  • North Korea. …
  • Russia. …
  • Sudan. …
  • Syria. …
  • Venezuela. Among those trafficked out of Venezuela, 55 percent are adults, 26 percent are young girls and 19 percent are young boys.