Claim by the Philippines
Why does Scarborough Shoal belong to the Philippines?
It is a disputed territory claimed by the Republic of the Philippines through the 1734 Velarde map, while the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan) claim it through the disputed nine-dash line (originally an eleven-dash line which included waters in the Gulf of Tonkin).
What is the legal basis of the Philippines claim over the Kalayaan Island Group?
Historical/Legal Basis of Claims
The Philippines claims the Kalayaan Island Group on the assumption that after Japan renounced its title to the islands in the San Francisco Treaty of Peace of 1951, they reverted to being terra nullius because title was not explicitly passed to another state.
Do you think there is legal basis for the Philippines to claim the Spratly as part of our national territory Why or why not?
The PRC gained control of some of the Spratly reefs. The People’s Republic of China, Malaysia, and the Philippines sign the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). History as a legal basis is now not accepted. … This means that the Philippines continues to lay claim over the disputed islands.
What is the basis of Philippines in claiming West Philippine Sea?
The legal basis of the Philippine’s assertion is based on the international law on acquisition of sovereignty. Thus, the Philippine government explains that its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) claim on the waters around Scarborough Shoal is different from the sovereignty exercised by the Philippines on the shoal itself.
What is the meaning of Scarborough Shoal?
Scarborough Shoal is a rock in the South China Sea, approximately 120 nautical miles west of the Philippine island of Luzon. There are no structures built on Scarborough Shoal, but the feature is effectively controlled by China, which has maintained a constant coast guard presence at the feature since 2012.
What is Philippines claim on the South China Sea?
The Philippine claims to sovereignty over the features known as Scarborough Shoal and the KIG are independent of its archipelagic status both legally and historically. Because Scarborough Shoal is a feature which exists above high tide, it is capable of [sovereign] appropriation under international law.
Is the nine dash line of China valid?
China’s 9 dash line is an invalid territorial claim because:
It is illegal. It endangers the sovereignty of multiple states with exclusive economic zones in the south china sea.
What is the dispute between China and Philippines?
Philippines-China relations have lately been dominated by the territorial disputes in the West Philippine Sea, which has escalated since the naval standoff over the Scarborough Shoal in April 2012 and aggravated by issues of Chinese illegal occupation, unlawful establishment of infrastructures, and incidents of …
Is Benham Rise part of Philippine territory?
MANILA — It has been nine years since April 8, 2009 when the Philippines formally asked a United Nations (UN) body to recognize the 13-million-hectare Benham Rise as part of the country’s territory. … 25 renaming Benham Rise to Philippine Rise, consolidating on the UN ruling in favor of the Philippines’ claim.
What is the territory of the Philippines?
The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the …
What are the territorial limits of the Philippines?
The Philippines, being entirely surrounded by the sea, is the only Southeast Asian country which shares no land boundaries with its neighbors. The total land area of the Philippines is 300,055 square kilometres which stretches for 1,850 kilometres from north to south while spanning 1,100 kilometres from east to west.
What is the meaning of West Philippine Sea?
West Philippine Sea is the official designation by the Philippine government of eastern parts of the South China Sea which are included in the Philippines’ exclusive economic zone. The term is also sometimes incorrectly used to refer to the South China Sea as a whole.
Is South China Sea and West Philippine Sea the same?
The West Philippine Sea is the part of the South China Sea that belongs to the Philippines but China is claiming it as its own. … Duterte and his government have been strongly criticized over their “confusing” response to the presence of the Chinese vessels in the West Philippine Sea.