Why are biodiversity levels so high in Indonesia?
Indonesia’s rainforests are home to some of the highest levels of biological diversity in the world. Many sources credit Indonesia as the most species rich country on earth. … Tragically, the rapid loss of Indonesia’s biologically wealthy rainforests is driving in-numerable species to the very edge of survival.
What is the flora and fauna in Indonesia?
Indonesia is comprised by over 17,000 islands, and is located in a transitional zone between some of the world’s largest flora and fauna habitat regions.
Native Plants Of Indonesia.
|Native Plants of Indonesia||Scientific Name|
|Anggrek Bulan||Phalaenopsis amabilis|
|Padma Raksasa Rafflesia||Rafflesia arnoldii|
|Malay Paduak||Pterocarpus indicus|
Why does Indonesia have the most endangered species?
Causes of Wildlife Extinction
Deforestation is the main factor of the threatened wildlife in Indonesia because forest is the natural habitat for wildlife. In the 1950’s, 84% of the land in Indonesia comprised of forests (around 162 millions hectares).
What is Indonesia known for?
Nowadays, Indonesia is famous for its diverse and multicultural islands, from deeply religious Aceh in the north; to the country’s center of government in Java; to the tropical paradise of Bali; and all the way down to the province of Papua on the border with independent Papua New Guinea.
What is the animal life in Indonesia?
Borneo and Sumatra are the only places on Earth where tigers, rhinos, orangutans, and elephants live together. The forests are home to marvelous creatures like the proboscis monkey, sun bear, clouded leopard, and flying fox bat, and endangered animals like the Sumatran tiger, Sumatran rhino, and Bornean elephant.
What are the threats to biodiversity in Indonesia?
The main factors affecting biodiversity loss and species extinction in Indonesia are habitat degradation and fragmentation, landscape changes, overexploitation, pollution, climate change, alien species, forest and land fires, and the economic and political crises occurring in the country.