Does Indonesia have forests?

How much of Indonesia is forest?

According to the U.N. FAO, 52.1% or about 94,432,000 ha of Indonesia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 50.0% ( 47,236,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest.

What type of forests are found in Indonesia?

There are at least 19 different forest types in Indonesia, including coastal forests on beaches and dunes; tidal forests such as mangroves, nipah, and palm; heath forests associated with poor sandy soils; and peat, swamp, wetland, evergreen, bamboo, savanna and montane forests.

Why is the Indonesian forest important?

Indonesia’s forests provide considerable economic, social, and environmental benefits for its people. Biodiversity plays a key role in food security, human health and livelihoods, providing clean water, timber, medicinal plants and other important services.

How does Indonesia handle deforestation?

Land use change, which includes deforestation and forest fires, accounts for most of Indonesia’s greenhouse gas emissions. Under Indonesia’s NDC, the government allows up to 325,000 hectares (803,000 acres) of deforestation per year to reach its emissions reduction goal while leaving room for economic development.

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Why is Indonesian deforestation bad?

Palm Oil and Peatland Forests

In Indonesia companies drain carbon rich peatland forests to create palm oil plantations. When you drain peatland forests they become flammable. … Deforestation has pushed Indonesia into the top tier emitters of global greenhouse gas emissions, alongside the United States and China.

What percent of Indonesia is rainforest?

Incredibly, with just 1 percent of the Earth’s land area, Indonesia’s rainforests contain 10 percent of the world’s known plant species, 12 percent of mammal species – including endangered orangutans and critically endangered Sumatran tigers and rhinos – and 17 percent of all known bird species.

How much of Indonesian forests have been destroyed?

Tell big brands to protect Indonesia’s forests!

Indonesia has already lost 72 percent of its intact forests. This is threatening the habitat of species like Sumatran tigers and orangutans, as well as harming the millions of people who depend on Indonesia’s forests for their food, shelter and livelihoods.

Is deforestation a problem in Indonesia?

The data reported deforestation of 440,000 hectares in 2018, slightly lower than the 2017 number of 480,000 hectares. Global Forest Watch released similar numbers showing a 40 percent decrease in deforestation in Indonesia’s primary forests in 2018, compared to the average annual rate of loss from 2002-2016.

How many animals does Indonesia have?

Indonesia is a country which is rich in biodiversity. It is estimated that there are more than 300,000 wildlife species or 17% of the world wildlife live in Indonesia, even though Indonesia’s land is only 1.3% of the world’s land.

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Where does deforestation occur the most in Indonesia?

This deforestation predominantly occurred on the large islands of Sumatra (47% of national deforestation) and Kalimantan (40% of national deforestation) (Margono et al 2014).

How many trees are cut down in Indonesia?

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Indonesia

Year Primary forest Tree cover (30%)
2016 928,660 2,424,326
2017 373,255 1,301,946
2018 339,888 1,219,663
Primary loss 2002-2018 9,154,000

Why does Indonesia have forest fires?

Commercial activity, particularly forest clearing and peatland draining by the palm oil, pulp and paper industries has dried out huge swathes of the Indonesian landscape, creating the perfect conditions for fires to take hold.