Is Vietnam high risk for TB?

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Does Vietnam have a high rate of TB?

Viet Nam is among the 30 countries with the highest burden of TB. WHO estimated that 174,000 people developed TB in Viet Nam in 2018; there were 11,000 deaths.

What country has the highest risk of TB?

In 2019, the 30 high TB burden countries accounted for 87% of new TB cases. Eight countries account for two thirds of the total, with India leading the count, followed by Indonesia, China, the Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh and South Africa.

Which country does not increase risk of TB?

The lowest rates, that is the countries least affected by TB are found mostly in high income countries, including most countries in Western Europe. Canada, the United States of America, Australia & New Zealand also have among the lowest rates.

What makes you high risk for TB?

The risk factors for acquiring TB include close-contact situations, alcohol and IV drug abuse, and certain diseases (for example, diabetes, cancer, and HIV) and occupations (for example, health-care workers).

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How many people get TB each year Vietnam?

Annually, it is estimated that Vietnam has 17,000 TB deaths, two times higher than the number of annual deaths caused by traffic accidents. An estimated 180,000 people have active TB each year; 5,000 of those cases are classified as multi-drug resistant (MDR)-TB.

What are the 3 types of tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis: Types

  • Active TB Disease. Active TB is an illness in which the TB bacteria are rapidly multiplying and invading different organs of the body. …
  • Miliary TB. Miliary TB is a rare form of active disease that occurs when TB bacteria find their way into the bloodstream. …
  • Latent TB Infection.

Where is tuberculosis mostly found in the world?

Most of the people who fall ill with TB live in low- and middle-income countries, but TB is present all over the world. About half of all people with TB can be found in 8 countries: Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines and South Africa.

What are the 30 high TB countries?

The 30 TB HBCs (those in all 3 lists in bold) are: Angola, Bangladesh, Brazil, Cambodia, China, Congo, Central African Republic, DPR Korea, DR Congo, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russian Federation, Sierra Leone, …

Can I travel to USA if I have TB?

People known to have infectious TB must not travel by public air transportation until at least two weeks of adequate treatment have been completed. Patients with MDR-TB should not travel until they have been proved to be non-infectious (i.e. culture-negative).

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What is the mortality rate of tuberculosis?

Americans still die of tuberculosis (TB), a preventable disease (1). On the basis of death certificate data, the TB mortality rate in the United States was 0.2/100,000 population, or 555 deaths, in 2013 and has not changed since 2003 (2).

How can you prevent TB when traveling?

All travelers should avoid high risk settings where there are no infection control measures in place. Documented places where transmission has occurred include crowded hospitals, prisons, homeless shelters, and other settings where susceptible persons come in contact with persons with TB disease.